Altoona Floating

Fuel cells improve the performance of electric buses by generating onboard power to re-charge batteries.

Fuel cell electric buses deliver no emissions at the tailpipe with no compromise in service and operation compared to other zero-emission technologies.

  • Fuel cell electric buses deliver the required mix of emission reduction, fast refuelling speed, extended range and route flexibility
  • Fuel cell electric buses are the only zero-emission direct 1:1 replacement for diesel and CNG buses

Fuel Cell Electric Bus Facts

Fuel cell electric buses manufactured and integrated by Ballard’s leading partners and equipped with Ballard motive modules offer a host of important attributes, including:

  • Zero-emissions at the tailpipe
  • 450 kilometer (300 mile) range between refuelings
  • Rapid refueling in as little as 7 minutes
  • Improved fuel economy compared to diesel buses (1.5x) and CNG buses (2x)
  • Operating performance comparable to diesel and CNG buses
  • Comparable durability, with fuel cells in transit buses having demonstrated over 25,000 operating hours without any significant degradation
  • Route flexibility, with no need for en-route recharging
  • No extra curb weight to maximize passenger capacity
  • Reduced noise and smoother ride for improved passenger experience
  • No disposal of toxic materials 

Hydrogen Icon


Fuel cell electric buses operate on hydrogen fuel.

Facts about hydrogen:

  • Hydrogen is a clean and safe energy carrier
  • Hydrogen gas and infrastructure for bus depot are commercially available
  • Hydrogen can be produced from natural gas, biogas, and electricity (including renewable sources)

SARTA h2 stationMost of the hydrogen fuel used in transit bus applications is generated at large scale production facilities, delivered to bus depots and stored as a liquid or compressed gas. Hydrogen can also be produced on-site using an electrolyser or natural gas reformer. A bus is refueled using safe and widely available standard gas dispensing technology for commercial vehicles.

Hydrogen filling stations at transit depots are built to be scalable. The equipment is similar to a CNG station and a station can simply and cost effectively increase its capacity from 10 to 100 buses by upgrading the compression and storage equipment and adding dispensers.


 OCTA Bus May 2016

White Paper - Fuel Cell Electric Buses:  An Attractive Value Proposition for Zero-Emission Transit in California

Learn more about the technology and Californian transit agencies leading the way in integrating fuel cell electric buses into their operations. Read more... 

Aberdeen seaside  Case Study – Fuel Cell Zero-Emission Buses for Aberdeen, Scotland
The City of Aberdeen, Scotland has deployed 10 fuel cell electric buses. Read more...
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Case Study – Fuel Cell Zero-Emission Transit for the City of London
London has recognized the need to cut greenhouse gas emissions to limit climate change and is currently operating 8 fuel cell electric buses.Read more...
SARTA h2 station  White Paper – Hydrogen Fueling for Fuel cell buses (US version). Overview of different solutions for hydrogen filling stations for fuel cell electric bus fleets in the US. Read more…
EU fueling  White Paper – Hydrogen Fueling for Fuel cell buses (Europe version). Overview of different solutions for hydrogen filling stations for fuel cell electric bus fleets in Europe. Read more… 
London Bridge Bus  White Paper – Fuel Cell Electric Bus – An attractive value proposition in the UK. As several cities in the United Kingdom (UK) are imposing low emission zones in city centers, this paper provides an overview of the fuel cell electric buses value proposition for transit operators. Read more… 

White Paper - Battery-Fuel Cell Hybrid Electric Buses: Optimized solutions for zero-emission transit

Learn how fuel cell technology improves battery electric bus performance on demanding routes. Read more…

 Cold Weather

Cold Weather Operation of Fuel Cell Electric Buses

Learn more about the performance of fuel cell buses in extreme weather conditions.

 Aberdeen fleet

White Paper - Fuel Cell Buses:  An attractive value proposition for fuel cell buses in Scandinavia

Discover why hydrogen fuel cell buses are the best zero-emission solution for Scandinavia's public transit.  Read more...

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