Working closely with train and tram manufacturers, Ballard designs and manufactures FCveloCity® fuel cell modules for use in rail applications. Hydrogen and fuel cell hybrid electric powertrains provide a zero emission propulsion system for railway applications without deploying costly overhead electric catenary lines.
Suitable rail applications for fuel cell power include:
- Light rail and trams in urban environments
- Commuter and regional trains operating on non-electrified tracks
- Shunt locomotive in rail yards
- Specialized trains for underground mining
Fuel cell powered light rail and train operate on hydrogen fuel
- Hydrogen is a clean and safe energy carrier
- Hydrogen gas and infrastructure are commercially available
- Hydrogen can be produced from natural gas, biogas, and electricity (including renewable sources)
Most hydrogen is generated at large scale production facilities, delivered and stored as a liquid or compressed gas. Hydrogen can also be produced on‐site using an electrolyser or natural gas reformer. A train is refueled using safe and widely available standard gas dispensing technology for commercial vehicles.